Wrestling Moves, Locks & Holds

Workhorse Fitness Performance Center Moves, Locks & Holds

Jump to Ankle Lock – A wrestler stands in front of an opponent and locks his hands around the opponent, squeezing him. Often he will shake his body from side to side, in order to generate more pain around the ribs and spine. Frequently used by powerhouse style wrestlers, this rather simple to apply hold was used by heels and faces alike.

Now let’s have a look at some of Wrestling’s Greatest Moves, Locks & Holds.

Here is the master list of Workhorse Fitness Performance Center Moves, Locks & Holds;

  • Joint Lock: Any stabilization of one or more joints at their normal extreme range of motion.
  • Can opener: A type of neck crank.
  • Crucifix: A type of arm & neck crank.
  • Neck crank: Applies pressure to the neck by pulling or twisting the head.
  • Nelson: (quarter, half, three-quarter and full): The arm is circled under the opponent's arm, and secured at the neck.
  • Twister: A type of body bend and neck crank.
  • Wristlock: A general term for joint locks on the wrist or radioulnar joint. Wristlocks form the trademark offense of Aikido, and are used in combination with key locks in catch wrestling.
  • Small joint manipulation: Joint locks on the fingers or toes.
  • Spine crank: Applies pressure to the spine by twisting or bending the body.
  • Arm Locks
  • Arm lock: A general term for joint locks at the elbow or shoulder.
  • Americana: BJJ term for a lateral key lock.
  • Arm bar: An arm lock which hyperextends the elbow.
  • Chicken wing: Term for various hammer/key locks, especially among Shoot wrestling and Jeet Kune Do practitioners.
  • Flying arm bar: A type of arm bar that is performed from a stand-up position.
  • Hammerlock: Pins the opponent's arm behind the back, with wrist toward their own shoulder.
  • Juji-Gatame: A type of arm bar where the arm is held in between the legs.
  • Key lock: A shoulder lock where the arm is turned like a key.
  • Kimura: BJJ term for a medial key lock.
  • Omoplata: BJJ term for a shoulder lock using the legs.
  • Leg locks
  • Leg lock: A general term for joint locks at the hip, knee or ankle.
  • Ankle lock: A leg lock which hyper extends the ankle.
  • Heel hook: A leg lock which rotates the ankle.
  • Knee bar: A leg lock which hyperextends the knee.
  • Toe hold: A type of leg lock which hyper extends the ankle.
  • Chokeholds & Strangles
  • Main article: Chokehold
  • Anaconda choke: A type of arm triangle choke.
  • Arm triangle choke: A chokehold similar to the triangle choke except using the arms.
  • Cross choke: Athlete crosses own arms in "X" shape and holds onto opponent's gi or clothing.
  • Gi Choke: or Okuri eri jime as it is known in Judo is a single lapel strangle.
  • Ezequiel: Reverse of the rear naked choke, using the inside of the sleeves for grip.
  • Guillotine choke: a facing choke, usually applied to an opponent from above.
  • Gear lock: a modified sleeper hold that puts an incredible amount of force on the opponent’s windpipe, choking them out almost instantly if applied properly.
  • Gogo-plata (Hell's Gate): Performed by putting ones shin on the wind pipe of an opponent and pulling the head down. Typically set up from the rubber guard.
  • Loco Plata: A variation of the Gogo-plata that uses the other foot to push the shin into the windpipe and uses the arm to wrap around the back of the head to grab the foot to secure the choke.
  • North–south choke: A chokehold applied from the north-south position with opponent facing up. Uses the shoulder and biceps to cut off air flow.
  • Rear naked choke: A chokehold from the rear.
  • Triangle choke: A chokehold which forms a triangle around the opponent's head using the legs.
  • Clinch Holds
  • Further information: Clinch holds
  • Bear hug: A clinching hold encircling the opponent's torso with both arms, pulling toward oneself.
  • Collar tie: facing the opponent with one or both hands on the back of their head/neck.
  • Muay Thai clinch: Holding the opponent with both arms around the neck while standing.
  • Over hook: Holding over the opponents arm while standing.
  • Pinch grip tie: Term for a particular harness hold, common in Greco-Roman wrestling circles.
  • Under hook: Holding under the opponent's arm while standing.
  • Tie: A transitional hold used to stabilize the opponent in preparation for striking or throwing.
  • Compression Locks
  • Further information: Compression lock
  • Achilles lock: A compression lock on the Achilles tendon.
  • Biceps slicer: A compression lock on the elbow joint and biceps.
  • Leg slicer: A compression lock on the calf and thigh.
  • Figure four: (also referred to as arm triangle, leg triangle) Term for arranging one's own arm or legs to resemble shape of numeral "4" when holding opponent.
  • Pain Compliance
  • Further information: Pain compliance.
  • Chin lock: An arm hold on the chin that hurts the chin.
  • Pinning Hold
  • Further information: Pinning hold
  • Cradle: Compress opponent in a sit-up position to pin shoulders from side mount.
  • Staple: Using the opponent's clothing to help pin them against a surface.
  • Other
  • Grapevine: Twisting limbs around limbs in a manner similar to a plant vine.
  • Harness: A hold which encircles the torso of an opponent, sometimes diagonally.
  • Headlock: Circling the opponent's head with an arm, especially from the side. Also called a rear Chancery.
  • Hooks: Wrapping the arm or leg around an opponent's limb(s) for greater control.
  • Leg scissors: Causes compressive asphyxia by pressing the chest or abdomen.
  • Scissor: Places the opponent between the athlete's legs (like paper to be cut by scissors).
  • Stack: Compress opponent in vertical sit-up position (feet up) to pin their shoulders to mat.

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